linux目录跳转利器 z.sh

李魔佛 发表了文章 • 0 个评论 • 4676 次浏览 • 2016-06-17 17:32 • 来自相关话题

使用linux的朋友,经常要在命令下面运行命令,并且频繁地在不同的目录切换, 不断的cd ..,cd ../../../../../../bin,或者cd ../../../../../../../../../, 或者cd ~/Download/bin/
 
浪费时间且效率低下。
 
推荐大家使用一个小脚本,可以快速切换目录,不需要经常cd了。
 
拷贝下面的代码,保存为z.sh,放在用户目录下,/home/xxxx, xxx为用户名, 然后 给予 777权限, chmod 777 z.sh
 
然后 修改 .bashrc 文件, vim ~/.bashrc
 
在文件的最后添加一句 source ~/z.sh
 
然后保存.bashrc
 
然后运行 source ~./bashrc , 然后就马上生效了。
 
然后你进入到某一个目录,比如 /home/user/build/data/bin/hello/, 运行 z
 
系统会纪录你的hello目录一次,
 
下一次在其他目录比如在/etc/apt/,如果要跳转到 /home/user/build/data/bin/hello/,
直接运行 z hello 就可以了。# Copyright (c) 2009 rupa deadwyler under the WTFPL license

# maintains a jump-list of the directories you actually use
#
# INSTALL:
# * put something like this in your .bashrc/.zshrc:
# . /path/to/z.sh
# * cd around for a while to build up the db
# * PROFIT!!
# * optionally:
# set $_Z_CMD in .bashrc/.zshrc to change the command (default z).
# set $_Z_DATA in .bashrc/.zshrc to change the datafile (default ~/.z).
# set $_Z_NO_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS to prevent symlink resolution.
# set $_Z_NO_PROMPT_COMMAND if you're handling PROMPT_COMMAND yourself.
# set $_Z_EXCLUDE_DIRS to an array of directories to exclude.
# set $_Z_OWNER to your username if you want use z while sudo with $HOME kept
#
# USE:
# * z foo # cd to most frecent dir matching foo
# * z foo bar # cd to most frecent dir matching foo and bar
# * z -r foo # cd to highest ranked dir matching foo
# * z -t foo # cd to most recently accessed dir matching foo
# * z -l foo # list matches instead of cd
# * z -c foo # restrict matches to subdirs of $PWD

[ -d "${_Z_DATA:-$HOME/.z}" ] && {
echo "ERROR: z.sh's datafile (${_Z_DATA:-$HOME/.z}) is a directory."
}

_z() {

local datafile="${_Z_DATA:-$HOME/.z}"

# bail if we don't own ~/.z and $_Z_OWNER not set
[ -z "$_Z_OWNER" -a -f "$datafile" -a ! -O "$datafile" ] && return

# add entries
if [ "$1" = "--add" ]; then
shift

# $HOME isn't worth matching
[ "$*" = "$HOME" ] && return

# don't track excluded directory trees
local exclude
for exclude in "${_Z_EXCLUDE_DIRS[@]}"; do
case "$*" in "$exclude*") return;; esac
done

# maintain the data file
local tempfile="$datafile.$RANDOM"
while read line; do
# only count directories
[ -d "${line%%\|*}" ] && echo $line
done < "$datafile" | awk -v path="$*" -v now="$(date +%s)" -F"|" '
BEGIN {
rank[path] = 1
time[path] = now
}
$2 >= 1 {
# drop ranks below 1
if( $1 == path ) {
rank[$1] = $2 + 1
time[$1] = now
} else {
rank[$1] = $2
time[$1] = $3
}
count += $2
}
END {
if( count > 9000 ) {
# aging
for( x in rank ) print x "|" 0.99*rank[x] "|" time[x]
} else for( x in rank ) print x "|" rank[x] "|" time[x]
}
' 2>/dev/null >| "$tempfile"
# do our best to avoid clobbering the datafile in a race condition
if [ $? -ne 0 -a -f "$datafile" ]; then
env rm -f "$tempfile"
else
[ "$_Z_OWNER" ] && chown $_Z_OWNER:$(id -ng $_Z_OWNER) "$tempfile"
env mv -f "$tempfile" "$datafile" || env rm -f "$tempfile"
fi

# tab completion
elif [ "$1" = "--complete" -a -s "$datafile" ]; then
while read line; do
[ -d "${line%%\|*}" ] && echo $line
done < "$datafile" | awk -v q="$2" -F"|" '
BEGIN {
if( q == tolower(q) ) imatch = 1
q = substr(q, 3)
gsub(" ", ".*", q)
}
{
if( imatch ) {
if( tolower($1) ~ tolower(q) ) print $1
} else if( $1 ~ q ) print $1
}
' 2>/dev/null

else
# list/go
while [ "$1" ]; do case "$1" in
--) while [ "$1" ]; do shift; local fnd="$fnd${fnd:+ }$1";done;;
-*) local opt=${1:1}; while [ "$opt" ]; do case ${opt:0:1} in
c) local fnd="^$PWD $fnd";;
h) echo "${_Z_CMD:-z} [-chlrtx] args" >&2; return;;
x) sed -i -e "\:^${PWD}|.*:d" "$datafile";;
l) local list=1;;
r) local typ="rank";;
t) local typ="recent";;
esac; opt=${opt:1}; done;;
*) local fnd="$fnd${fnd:+ }$1";;
esac; local last=$1; [ "$#" -gt 0 ] && shift; done
[ "$fnd" -a "$fnd" != "^$PWD " ] || local list=1

# if we hit enter on a completion just go there
case "$last" in
# completions will always start with /
/*) [ -z "$list" -a -d "$last" ] && cd "$last" && return;;
esac

# no file yet
[ -f "$datafile" ] || return

local cd
cd="$(while read line; do
[ -d "${line%%\|*}" ] && echo $line
done < "$datafile" | awk -v t="$(date +%s)" -v list="$list" -v typ="$typ" -v q="$fnd" -F"|" '
function frecent(rank, time) {
# relate frequency and time
dx = t - time
if( dx < 3600 ) return rank * 4
if( dx < 86400 ) return rank * 2
if( dx < 604800 ) return rank / 2
return rank / 4
}
function output(files, out, common) {
# list or return the desired directory
if( list ) {
cmd = "sort -n >&2"
for( x in files ) {
if( files[x] ) printf "%-10s %s\n", files[x], x | cmd
}
if( common ) {
printf "%-10s %s\n", "common:", common > "/dev/stderr"
}
} else {
if( common ) out = common
print out
}
}
function common(matches) {
# find the common root of a list of matches, if it exists
for( x in matches ) {
if( matches[x] && (!short || length(x) < length(short)) ) {
short = x
}
}
if( short == "/" ) return
# use a copy to escape special characters, as we want to return
# the original. yeah, this escaping is awful.
clean_short = short
gsub(/\[\(\)\[\]\|\]/, "\\\\&", clean_short)
for( x in matches ) if( matches[x] && x !~ clean_short ) return
return short
}
BEGIN {
gsub(" ", ".*", q)
hi_rank = ihi_rank = -9999999999
}
{
if( typ == "rank" ) {
rank = $2
} else if( typ == "recent" ) {
rank = $3 - t
} else rank = frecent($2, $3)
if( $1 ~ q ) {
matches[$1] = rank
} else if( tolower($1) ~ tolower(q) ) imatches[$1] = rank
if( matches[$1] && matches[$1] > hi_rank ) {
best_match = $1
hi_rank = matches[$1]
} else if( imatches[$1] && imatches[$1] > ihi_rank ) {
ibest_match = $1
ihi_rank = imatches[$1]
}
}
END {
# prefer case sensitive
if( best_match ) {
output(matches, best_match, common(matches))
} else if( ibest_match ) {
output(imatches, ibest_match, common(imatches))
}
}
')"
[ $? -gt 0 ] && return
[ "$cd" ] && cd "$cd"
fi
}

alias ${_Z_CMD:-z}='_z 2>&1'

[ "$_Z_NO_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS" ] || _Z_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS="-P"

if type compctl >/dev/null 2>&1; then
# zsh
[ "$_Z_NO_PROMPT_COMMAND" ] || {
# populate directory list, avoid clobbering any other precmds.
if [ "$_Z_NO_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS" ]; then
_z_precmd() {
_z --add "${PWD:a}"
}
else
_z_precmd() {
_z --add "${PWD:A}"
}
fi
[[ -n "${precmd_functions[(r)_z_precmd]}" ]] || {
precmd_functions[$(($#precmd_functions+1))]=_z_precmd
}
}
_z_zsh_tab_completion() {
# tab completion
local compl
read -l compl
reply=(${(f)"$(_z --complete "$compl")"})
}
compctl -U -K _z_zsh_tab_completion _z
elif type complete >/dev/null 2>&1; then
# bash
# tab completion
complete -o filenames -C '_z --complete "$COMP_LINE"' ${_Z_CMD:-z}
[ "$_Z_NO_PROMPT_COMMAND" ] || {
# populate directory list. avoid clobbering other PROMPT_COMMANDs.
grep "_z --add" <<< "$PROMPT_COMMAND" >/dev/null || {
PROMPT_COMMAND="$PROMPT_COMMAND"$'\n''_z --add "$(command pwd '$_Z_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS' 2>/dev/null)" 2>/dev/null;'
}
}
fi 查看全部
使用linux的朋友,经常要在命令下面运行命令,并且频繁地在不同的目录切换, 不断的cd ..,cd ../../../../../../bin,或者cd ../../../../../../../../../, 或者cd ~/Download/bin/
 
浪费时间且效率低下。
 
推荐大家使用一个小脚本,可以快速切换目录,不需要经常cd了。
 
拷贝下面的代码,保存为z.sh,放在用户目录下,/home/xxxx, xxx为用户名, 然后 给予 777权限, chmod 777 z.sh
 
然后 修改 .bashrc 文件, vim ~/.bashrc
 
在文件的最后添加一句 source ~/z.sh
 
然后保存.bashrc
 
然后运行 source ~./bashrc , 然后就马上生效了。
 
然后你进入到某一个目录,比如 /home/user/build/data/bin/hello/, 运行 z
 
系统会纪录你的hello目录一次,
 
下一次在其他目录比如在/etc/apt/,如果要跳转到 /home/user/build/data/bin/hello/,
直接运行 z hello 就可以了。
# Copyright (c) 2009 rupa deadwyler under the WTFPL license

# maintains a jump-list of the directories you actually use
#
# INSTALL:
# * put something like this in your .bashrc/.zshrc:
# . /path/to/z.sh
# * cd around for a while to build up the db
# * PROFIT!!
# * optionally:
# set $_Z_CMD in .bashrc/.zshrc to change the command (default z).
# set $_Z_DATA in .bashrc/.zshrc to change the datafile (default ~/.z).
# set $_Z_NO_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS to prevent symlink resolution.
# set $_Z_NO_PROMPT_COMMAND if you're handling PROMPT_COMMAND yourself.
# set $_Z_EXCLUDE_DIRS to an array of directories to exclude.
# set $_Z_OWNER to your username if you want use z while sudo with $HOME kept
#
# USE:
# * z foo # cd to most frecent dir matching foo
# * z foo bar # cd to most frecent dir matching foo and bar
# * z -r foo # cd to highest ranked dir matching foo
# * z -t foo # cd to most recently accessed dir matching foo
# * z -l foo # list matches instead of cd
# * z -c foo # restrict matches to subdirs of $PWD

[ -d "${_Z_DATA:-$HOME/.z}" ] && {
echo "ERROR: z.sh's datafile (${_Z_DATA:-$HOME/.z}) is a directory."
}

_z() {

local datafile="${_Z_DATA:-$HOME/.z}"

# bail if we don't own ~/.z and $_Z_OWNER not set
[ -z "$_Z_OWNER" -a -f "$datafile" -a ! -O "$datafile" ] && return

# add entries
if [ "$1" = "--add" ]; then
shift

# $HOME isn't worth matching
[ "$*" = "$HOME" ] && return

# don't track excluded directory trees
local exclude
for exclude in "${_Z_EXCLUDE_DIRS[@]}"; do
case "$*" in "$exclude*") return;; esac
done

# maintain the data file
local tempfile="$datafile.$RANDOM"
while read line; do
# only count directories
[ -d "${line%%\|*}" ] && echo $line
done < "$datafile" | awk -v path="$*" -v now="$(date +%s)" -F"|" '
BEGIN {
rank[path] = 1
time[path] = now
}
$2 >= 1 {
# drop ranks below 1
if( $1 == path ) {
rank[$1] = $2 + 1
time[$1] = now
} else {
rank[$1] = $2
time[$1] = $3
}
count += $2
}
END {
if( count > 9000 ) {
# aging
for( x in rank ) print x "|" 0.99*rank[x] "|" time[x]
} else for( x in rank ) print x "|" rank[x] "|" time[x]
}
' 2>/dev/null >| "$tempfile"
# do our best to avoid clobbering the datafile in a race condition
if [ $? -ne 0 -a -f "$datafile" ]; then
env rm -f "$tempfile"
else
[ "$_Z_OWNER" ] && chown $_Z_OWNER:$(id -ng $_Z_OWNER) "$tempfile"
env mv -f "$tempfile" "$datafile" || env rm -f "$tempfile"
fi

# tab completion
elif [ "$1" = "--complete" -a -s "$datafile" ]; then
while read line; do
[ -d "${line%%\|*}" ] && echo $line
done < "$datafile" | awk -v q="$2" -F"|" '
BEGIN {
if( q == tolower(q) ) imatch = 1
q = substr(q, 3)
gsub(" ", ".*", q)
}
{
if( imatch ) {
if( tolower($1) ~ tolower(q) ) print $1
} else if( $1 ~ q ) print $1
}
' 2>/dev/null

else
# list/go
while [ "$1" ]; do case "$1" in
--) while [ "$1" ]; do shift; local fnd="$fnd${fnd:+ }$1";done;;
-*) local opt=${1:1}; while [ "$opt" ]; do case ${opt:0:1} in
c) local fnd="^$PWD $fnd";;
h) echo "${_Z_CMD:-z} [-chlrtx] args" >&2; return;;
x) sed -i -e "\:^${PWD}|.*:d" "$datafile";;
l) local list=1;;
r) local typ="rank";;
t) local typ="recent";;
esac; opt=${opt:1}; done;;
*) local fnd="$fnd${fnd:+ }$1";;
esac; local last=$1; [ "$#" -gt 0 ] && shift; done
[ "$fnd" -a "$fnd" != "^$PWD " ] || local list=1

# if we hit enter on a completion just go there
case "$last" in
# completions will always start with /
/*) [ -z "$list" -a -d "$last" ] && cd "$last" && return;;
esac

# no file yet
[ -f "$datafile" ] || return

local cd
cd="$(while read line; do
[ -d "${line%%\|*}" ] && echo $line
done < "$datafile" | awk -v t="$(date +%s)" -v list="$list" -v typ="$typ" -v q="$fnd" -F"|" '
function frecent(rank, time) {
# relate frequency and time
dx = t - time
if( dx < 3600 ) return rank * 4
if( dx < 86400 ) return rank * 2
if( dx < 604800 ) return rank / 2
return rank / 4
}
function output(files, out, common) {
# list or return the desired directory
if( list ) {
cmd = "sort -n >&2"
for( x in files ) {
if( files[x] ) printf "%-10s %s\n", files[x], x | cmd
}
if( common ) {
printf "%-10s %s\n", "common:", common > "/dev/stderr"
}
} else {
if( common ) out = common
print out
}
}
function common(matches) {
# find the common root of a list of matches, if it exists
for( x in matches ) {
if( matches[x] && (!short || length(x) < length(short)) ) {
short = x
}
}
if( short == "/" ) return
# use a copy to escape special characters, as we want to return
# the original. yeah, this escaping is awful.
clean_short = short
gsub(/\[\(\)\[\]\|\]/, "\\\\&", clean_short)
for( x in matches ) if( matches[x] && x !~ clean_short ) return
return short
}
BEGIN {
gsub(" ", ".*", q)
hi_rank = ihi_rank = -9999999999
}
{
if( typ == "rank" ) {
rank = $2
} else if( typ == "recent" ) {
rank = $3 - t
} else rank = frecent($2, $3)
if( $1 ~ q ) {
matches[$1] = rank
} else if( tolower($1) ~ tolower(q) ) imatches[$1] = rank
if( matches[$1] && matches[$1] > hi_rank ) {
best_match = $1
hi_rank = matches[$1]
} else if( imatches[$1] && imatches[$1] > ihi_rank ) {
ibest_match = $1
ihi_rank = imatches[$1]
}
}
END {
# prefer case sensitive
if( best_match ) {
output(matches, best_match, common(matches))
} else if( ibest_match ) {
output(imatches, ibest_match, common(imatches))
}
}
')"
[ $? -gt 0 ] && return
[ "$cd" ] && cd "$cd"
fi
}

alias ${_Z_CMD:-z}='_z 2>&1'

[ "$_Z_NO_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS" ] || _Z_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS="-P"

if type compctl >/dev/null 2>&1; then
# zsh
[ "$_Z_NO_PROMPT_COMMAND" ] || {
# populate directory list, avoid clobbering any other precmds.
if [ "$_Z_NO_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS" ]; then
_z_precmd() {
_z --add "${PWD:a}"
}
else
_z_precmd() {
_z --add "${PWD:A}"
}
fi
[[ -n "${precmd_functions[(r)_z_precmd]}" ]] || {
precmd_functions[$(($#precmd_functions+1))]=_z_precmd
}
}
_z_zsh_tab_completion() {
# tab completion
local compl
read -l compl
reply=(${(f)"$(_z --complete "$compl")"})
}
compctl -U -K _z_zsh_tab_completion _z
elif type complete >/dev/null 2>&1; then
# bash
# tab completion
complete -o filenames -C '_z --complete "$COMP_LINE"' ${_Z_CMD:-z}
[ "$_Z_NO_PROMPT_COMMAND" ] || {
# populate directory list. avoid clobbering other PROMPT_COMMANDs.
grep "_z --add" <<< "$PROMPT_COMMAND" >/dev/null || {
PROMPT_COMMAND="$PROMPT_COMMAND"$'\n''_z --add "$(command pwd '$_Z_RESOLVE_SYMLINKS' 2>/dev/null)" 2>/dev/null;'
}
}
fi